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HardwareSerial

Abstract

The definition of HardwareSerial.

This holds comuunication speed register setting, communication control register setting, transmit and receive data registers, transmit and receive buffers.

See the explanation of the registers.

Souce Code

The HardwareSerial class is defined in hardware/arduino/avr/cores/arduino/HardwareSerial.h as below.

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class HardwareSerial : public Stream
{
  protected:
    volatile uint8_t * const _ubrrh;
    volatile uint8_t * const _ubrrl;
    volatile uint8_t * const _ucsra;
    volatile uint8_t * const _ucsrb;
    volatile uint8_t * const _ucsrc;
    volatile uint8_t * const _udr;
    // Has any byte been written to the UART since begin()
    bool _written;

    volatile rx_buffer_index_t _rx_buffer_head;
    volatile rx_buffer_index_t _rx_buffer_tail;
    volatile tx_buffer_index_t _tx_buffer_head;
    volatile tx_buffer_index_t _tx_buffer_tail;

    // Don't put any members after these buffers, since only the first
    // 32 bytes of this struct can be accessed quickly using the ldd
    // instruction.
    unsigned char _rx_buffer[SERIAL_RX_BUFFER_SIZE];
    unsigned char _tx_buffer[SERIAL_TX_BUFFER_SIZE];

  public:
    inline HardwareSerial(
      volatile uint8_t *ubrrh, volatile uint8_t *ubrrl,
      volatile uint8_t *ucsra, volatile uint8_t *ucsrb,
      volatile uint8_t *ucsrc, volatile uint8_t *udr);
    void begin(unsigned long baud) { begin(baud, SERIAL_8N1); }
    void begin(unsigned long, uint8_t);
    void end();
    virtual int available(void);
    virtual int peek(void);
    virtual int read(void);
    int availableForWrite(void);
    virtual void flush(void);
    virtual size_t write(uint8_t);
    inline size_t write(unsigned long n) { return write((uint8_t)n); }
    inline size_t write(long n) { return write((uint8_t)n); }
    inline size_t write(unsigned int n) { return write((uint8_t)n); }
    inline size_t write(int n) { return write((uint8_t)n); }
    using Print::write; // pull in write(str) and write(buf, size) from Print
    operator bool() { return true; }

    // Interrupt handlers - Not intended to be called externally
    inline void _rx_complete_irq(void);
    void _tx_udr_empty_irq(void);
};

Version

Arduino 1.8.13

Last Update

June 19, 2020

inserted by FC2 system