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Arduinoで遊んだ結果を残すページです。
garretlab
サンプルプログラム解説

概要

HTTPSを利用して、ウェブサーバにアクセスします。

プログラム

定義等

/*
  Wifi secure connection example for ESP32
  Running on TLS 1.2 using mbedTLS
  Suporting the following chipersuites:
  "TLS_ECDHE_ECDSA_WITH_AES_256_GCM_SHA384","TLS_ECDHE_RSA_WITH_AES_256_GCM_SHA384","TLS_DHE_RSA_WITH_AES_256_GCM_SHA384","TLS_ECDHE_ECDSA_WITH_AES_256_CCM","TLS_DHE_RSA_WITH_AES_256_CCM","TLS_ECDHE_ECDSA_WITH_AES_256_CBC_SHA384","TLS_ECDHE_RSA_WITH_AES_256_CBC_SHA384","TLS_DHE_RSA_WITH_AES_256_CBC_SHA256","TLS_ECDHE_ECDSA_WITH_AES_256_CBC_SHA","TLS_ECDHE_RSA_WITH_AES_256_CBC_SHA","TLS_DHE_RSA_WITH_AES_256_CBC_SHA","TLS_ECDHE_ECDSA_WITH_AES_256_CCM_8","TLS_DHE_RSA_WITH_AES_256_CCM_8","TLS_ECDHE_ECDSA_WITH_CAMELLIA_256_GCM_SHA384","TLS_ECDHE_RSA_WITH_CAMELLIA_256_GCM_SHA384","TLS_DHE_RSA_WITH_CAMELLIA_256_GCM_SHA384","TLS_ECDHE_ECDSA_WITH_CAMELLIA_256_CBC_SHA384","TLS_ECDHE_RSA_WITH_CAMELLIA_256_CBC_SHA384","TLS_DHE_RSA_WITH_CAMELLIA_256_CBC_SHA256","TLS_DHE_RSA_WITH_CAMELLIA_256_CBC_SHA","TLS_ECDHE_ECDSA_WITH_AES_128_GCM_SHA256","TLS_ECDHE_RSA_WITH_AES_128_GCM_SHA256","TLS_DHE_RSA_WITH_AES_128_GCM_SHA256","TLS_ECDHE_ECDSA_WITH_AES_128_CCM","TLS_DHE_RSA_WITH_AES_128_CCM","TLS_ECDHE_ECDSA_WITH_AES_128_CBC_SHA256","TLS_ECDHE_RSA_WITH_AES_128_CBC_SHA256","TLS_DHE_RSA_WITH_AES_128_CBC_SHA256","TLS_ECDHE_ECDSA_WITH_AES_128_CBC_SHA","TLS_ECDHE_RSA_WITH_AES_128_CBC_SHA","TLS_DHE_RSA_WITH_AES_128_CBC_SHA","TLS_ECDHE_ECDSA_WITH_AES_128_CCM_8","TLS_DHE_RSA_WITH_AES_128_CCM_8","TLS_ECDHE_ECDSA_WITH_CAMELLIA_128_GCM_SHA256","TLS_ECDHE_RSA_WITH_CAMELLIA_128_GCM_SHA256","TLS_DHE_RSA_WITH_CAMELLIA_128_GCM_SHA256","TLS_ECDHE_ECDSA_WITH_CAMELLIA_128_CBC_SHA256","TLS_ECDHE_RSA_WITH_CAMELLIA_128_CBC_SHA256","TLS_DHE_RSA_WITH_CAMELLIA_128_CBC_SHA256","TLS_DHE_RSA_WITH_CAMELLIA_128_CBC_SHA","TLS_ECDHE_ECDSA_WITH_3DES_EDE_CBC_SHA","TLS_ECDHE_RSA_WITH_3DES_EDE_CBC_SHA","TLS_DHE_RSA_WITH_3DES_EDE_CBC_SHA","TLS_DHE_PSK_WITH_AES_256_GCM_SHA384","TLS_DHE_PSK_WITH_AES_256_CCM","TLS_ECDHE_PSK_WITH_AES_256_CBC_SHA384","TLS_DHE_PSK_WITH_AES_256_CBC_SHA384","TLS_ECDHE_PSK_WITH_AES_256_CBC_SHA","TLS_DHE_PSK_WITH_AES_256_CBC_SHA","TLS_DHE_PSK_WITH_CAMELLIA_256_GCM_SHA384","TLS_ECDHE_PSK_WITH_CAMELLIA_256_CBC_SHA384","TLS_DHE_PSK_WITH_CAMELLIA_256_CBC_SHA384","TLS_PSK_DHE_WITH_AES_256_CCM_8","TLS_DHE_PSK_WITH_AES_128_GCM_SHA256","TLS_DHE_PSK_WITH_AES_128_CCM","TLS_ECDHE_PSK_WITH_AES_128_CBC_SHA256","TLS_DHE_PSK_WITH_AES_128_CBC_SHA256","TLS_ECDHE_PSK_WITH_AES_128_CBC_SHA","TLS_DHE_PSK_WITH_AES_128_CBC_SHA","TLS_DHE_PSK_WITH_CAMELLIA_128_GCM_SHA256","TLS_DHE_PSK_WITH_CAMELLIA_128_CBC_SHA256","TLS_ECDHE_PSK_WITH_CAMELLIA_128_CBC_SHA256","TLS_PSK_DHE_WITH_AES_128_CCM_8","TLS_ECDHE_PSK_WITH_3DES_EDE_CBC_SHA","TLS_DHE_PSK_WITH_3DES_EDE_CBC_SHA","TLS_RSA_WITH_AES_256_GCM_SHA384","TLS_RSA_WITH_AES_256_CCM","TLS_RSA_WITH_AES_256_CBC_SHA256","TLS_RSA_WITH_AES_256_CBC_SHA","TLS_ECDH_RSA_WITH_AES_256_GCM_SHA384","TLS_ECDH_RSA_WITH_AES_256_CBC_SHA384","TLS_ECDH_RSA_WITH_AES_256_CBC_SHA","TLS_ECDH_ECDSA_WITH_AES_256_GCM_SHA384","TLS_ECDH_ECDSA_WITH_AES_256_CBC_SHA384","TLS_ECDH_ECDSA_WITH_AES_256_CBC_SHA","TLS_RSA_WITH_AES_256_CCM_8","TLS_RSA_WITH_CAMELLIA_256_GCM_SHA384","TLS_RSA_WITH_CAMELLIA_256_CBC_SHA256","TLS_RSA_WITH_CAMELLIA_256_CBC_SHA","TLS_ECDH_RSA_WITH_CAMELLIA_256_GCM_SHA384","TLS_ECDH_RSA_WITH_CAMELLIA_256_CBC_SHA384","TLS_ECDH_ECDSA_WITH_CAMELLIA_256_GCM_SHA384","TLS_ECDH_ECDSA_WITH_CAMELLIA_256_CBC_SHA384","TLS_RSA_WITH_AES_128_GCM_SHA256","TLS_RSA_WITH_AES_128_CCM","TLS_RSA_WITH_AES_128_CBC_SHA256","TLS_RSA_WITH_AES_128_CBC_SHA","TLS_ECDH_RSA_WITH_AES_128_GCM_SHA256","TLS_ECDH_RSA_WITH_AES_128_CBC_SHA256","TLS_ECDH_RSA_WITH_AES_128_CBC_SHA","TLS_ECDH_ECDSA_WITH_AES_128_GCM_SHA256","TLS_ECDH_ECDSA_WITH_AES_128_CBC_SHA256","TLS_ECDH_ECDSA_WITH_AES_128_CBC_SHA","TLS_RSA_WITH_AES_128_CCM_8","TLS_RSA_WITH_CAMELLIA_128_GCM_SHA256","TLS_RSA_WITH_CAMELLIA_128_CBC_SHA256","TLS_RSA_WITH_CAMELLIA_128_CBC_SHA","TLS_ECDH_RSA_WITH_CAMELLIA_128_GCM_SHA256","TLS_ECDH_RSA_WITH_CAMELLIA_128_CBC_SHA256","TLS_ECDH_ECDSA_WITH_CAMELLIA_128_GCM_SHA256","TLS_ECDH_ECDSA_WITH_CAMELLIA_128_CBC_SHA256","TLS_RSA_WITH_3DES_EDE_CBC_SHA","TLS_ECDH_RSA_WITH_3DES_EDE_CBC_SHA","TLS_ECDH_ECDSA_WITH_3DES_EDE_CBC_SHA","TLS_RSA_PSK_WITH_AES_256_GCM_SHA384","TLS_RSA_PSK_WITH_AES_256_CBC_SHA384","TLS_RSA_PSK_WITH_AES_256_CBC_SHA","TLS_RSA_PSK_WITH_CAMELLIA_256_GCM_SHA384","TLS_RSA_PSK_WITH_CAMELLIA_256_CBC_SHA384","TLS_RSA_PSK_WITH_AES_128_GCM_SHA256","TLS_RSA_PSK_WITH_AES_128_CBC_SHA256","TLS_RSA_PSK_WITH_AES_128_CBC_SHA","TLS_RSA_PSK_WITH_CAMELLIA_128_GCM_SHA256","TLS_RSA_PSK_WITH_CAMELLIA_128_CBC_SHA256","TLS_RSA_PSK_WITH_3DES_EDE_CBC_SHA","TLS_PSK_WITH_AES_256_GCM_SHA384","TLS_PSK_WITH_AES_256_CCM","TLS_PSK_WITH_AES_256_CBC_SHA384","TLS_PSK_WITH_AES_256_CBC_SHA","TLS_PSK_WITH_CAMELLIA_256_GCM_SHA384","TLS_PSK_WITH_CAMELLIA_256_CBC_SHA384","TLS_PSK_WITH_AES_256_CCM_8","TLS_PSK_WITH_AES_128_GCM_SHA256","TLS_PSK_WITH_AES_128_CCM","TLS_PSK_WITH_AES_128_CBC_SHA256","TLS_PSK_WITH_AES_128_CBC_SHA","TLS_PSK_WITH_CAMELLIA_128_GCM_SHA256","TLS_PSK_WITH_CAMELLIA_128_CBC_SHA256","TLS_PSK_WITH_AES_128_CCM_8","TLS_PSK_WITH_3DES_EDE_CBC_SHA","TLS_EMPTY_RENEGOTIATION_INFO_SCSV"]
  2017 - Evandro Copercini - Apache 2.0 License.
*/

#include <WiFiClientSecure.h>

const char* ssid     = "your-ssid";     // your network SSID (name of wifi network)
const char* password = "your-password"; // your network password

const char*  server = "www.howsmyssl.com";  // Server URL

// www.howsmyssl.com root certificate authority, to verify the server
// change it to your server root CA
// SHA1 fingerprint is broken now!

const char* test_root_ca= \
     "-----BEGIN CERTIFICATE-----\n" \
     "MIIEkjCCA3qgAwIBAgIQCgFBQgAAAVOFc2oLheynCDANBgkqhkiG9w0BAQsFADA/\n" \
     "MSQwIgYDVQQKExtEaWdpdGFsIFNpZ25hdHVyZSBUcnVzdCBDby4xFzAVBgNVBAMT\n" \
     "DkRTVCBSb290IENBIFgzMB4XDTE2MDMxNzE2NDA0NloXDTIxMDMxNzE2NDA0Nlow\n" \
     "SjELMAkGA1UEBhMCVVMxFjAUBgNVBAoTDUxldCdzIEVuY3J5cHQxIzAhBgNVBAMT\n" \
     "GkxldCdzIEVuY3J5cHQgQXV0aG9yaXR5IFgzMIIBIjANBgkqhkiG9w0BAQEFAAOC\n" \
     "AQ8AMIIBCgKCAQEAnNMM8FrlLke3cl03g7NoYzDq1zUmGSXhvb418XCSL7e4S0EF\n" \
     "q6meNQhY7LEqxGiHC6PjdeTm86dicbp5gWAf15Gan/PQeGdxyGkOlZHP/uaZ6WA8\n" \
     "SMx+yk13EiSdRxta67nsHjcAHJyse6cF6s5K671B5TaYucv9bTyWaN8jKkKQDIZ0\n" \
     "Z8h/pZq4UmEUEz9l6YKHy9v6Dlb2honzhT+Xhq+w3Brvaw2VFn3EK6BlspkENnWA\n" \
     "a6xK8xuQSXgvopZPKiAlKQTGdMDQMc2PMTiVFrqoM7hD8bEfwzB/onkxEz0tNvjj\n" \
     "/PIzark5McWvxI0NHWQWM6r6hCm21AvA2H3DkwIDAQABo4IBfTCCAXkwEgYDVR0T\n" \
     "AQH/BAgwBgEB/wIBADAOBgNVHQ8BAf8EBAMCAYYwfwYIKwYBBQUHAQEEczBxMDIG\n" \
     "CCsGAQUFBzABhiZodHRwOi8vaXNyZy50cnVzdGlkLm9jc3AuaWRlbnRydXN0LmNv\n" \
     "bTA7BggrBgEFBQcwAoYvaHR0cDovL2FwcHMuaWRlbnRydXN0LmNvbS9yb290cy9k\n" \
     "c3Ryb290Y2F4My5wN2MwHwYDVR0jBBgwFoAUxKexpHsscfrb4UuQdf/EFWCFiRAw\n" \
     "VAYDVR0gBE0wSzAIBgZngQwBAgEwPwYLKwYBBAGC3xMBAQEwMDAuBggrBgEFBQcC\n" \
     "ARYiaHR0cDovL2Nwcy5yb290LXgxLmxldHNlbmNyeXB0Lm9yZzA8BgNVHR8ENTAz\n" \
     "MDGgL6AthitodHRwOi8vY3JsLmlkZW50cnVzdC5jb20vRFNUUk9PVENBWDNDUkwu\n" \
     "Y3JsMB0GA1UdDgQWBBSoSmpjBH3duubRObemRWXv86jsoTANBgkqhkiG9w0BAQsF\n" \
     "AAOCAQEA3TPXEfNjWDjdGBX7CVW+dla5cEilaUcne8IkCJLxWh9KEik3JHRRHGJo\n" \
     "uM2VcGfl96S8TihRzZvoroed6ti6WqEBmtzw3Wodatg+VyOeph4EYpr/1wXKtx8/\n" \
     "wApIvJSwtmVi4MFU5aMqrSDE6ea73Mj2tcMyo5jMd6jmeWUHK8so/joWUoHOUgwu\n" \
     "X4Po1QYz+3dszkDqMp4fklxBwXRsW10KXzPMTZ+sOPAveyxindmjkW8lGy+QsRlG\n" \
     "PfZ+G6Z6h7mjem0Y+iWlkYcV4PIWL1iwBi8saCbGS5jN2p8M+X+Q7UNKEkROb3N6\n" \
     "KOqkqm57TH2H3eDJAkSnh6/DNFu0Qg==\n" \
     "-----END CERTIFICATE-----\n";

// You can use x.509 client certificates if you want
//const char* test_client_key = "";   //to verify the client
//const char* test_client_cert = "";  //to verify the client


WiFiClientSecure client;

ssidとpasswordは、WiFiアクセス用のSSID/パスフレーズです。

serverは、アクセスするウェブサーバで、test_root_caは、ウェブサーバのルート証明書です。

client は、WiFiClientSecure型の変数で、HTTPSで接続する際に用います。

setup()

void setup() {
  //Initialize serial and wait for port to open:
  Serial.begin(115200);
  delay(100);

  Serial.print("Attempting to connect to SSID: ");
  Serial.println(ssid);
  WiFi.begin(ssid, password);

  // attempt to connect to Wifi network:
  while (WiFi.status() != WL_CONNECTED) {
    Serial.print(".");
    // wait 1 second for re-trying
    delay(1000);
  }

  Serial.print("Connected to ");
  Serial.println(ssid);

  client.setCACert(test_root_ca);
  //client.setCertificate(test_client_key); // for client verification
  //client.setPrivateKey(test_client_cert);	// for client verification

  Serial.println("\nStarting connection to server...");
  if (!client.connect(server, 443))
    Serial.println("Connection failed!");
  else {
    Serial.println("Connected to server!");
    // Make a HTTP request:
    client.println("GET https://www.howsmyssl.com/a/check HTTP/1.0");
    client.println("Host: www.howsmyssl.com");
    client.println("Connection: close");
    client.println();

    while (client.connected()) {
      String line = client.readStringUntil('\n');
      if (line == "\r") {
        Serial.println("headers received");
        break;
      }
    }
    // if there are incoming bytes available
    // from the server, read them and print them:
    while (client.available()) {
      char c = client.read();
      Serial.write(c);
    }

    client.stop();
  }
}

WiFi.begin()により、ssidで指定したアクセスポイントに接続します。この際のパスフレーズは、passwordです。WiFiは、WiFi.cppで定義されている変数です。

WiFi.status()は、現在の接続状態を返却します。アクセスポイントに接続しているときは、WL_CONNECTEDが返ってきます。

client.setCACert()で、ウェブサーバに対するルート証明書を設定します。

client.connect()を利用して、指定したホストの、指定したポートに接続します。connect()は成功したときに1を返します。

client.println()で、HTTPリクエストを書き込みます。WiFiClientSecureは、Printクラスを継承しているので、Serialと同じように、println()などを利用することができます。

client.connected()は、サーバとの接続状態を返却します。接続している間は、while文内を実行します。

WiFiClientは、Streamクラスも継承しているので、readStringUntil()が利用できます。

client.available()は、読み込み可能なバイト数を返却します。

client.read()は、サーバから1文字読み込みます。

client.stop()は、サーバとの接続を切断します。

loop()

void loop() {
  // do nothing
}

何もしません。

バージョン

1.0.0



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Arduinoで遊ぶページ
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